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Multiple Case Study Analysis

Multiple Case Study Analysis. - amazon.com Multiple Case Study Analysis. - amazon.com
Examining situational complexity is a vital part of social and behavioral science research. This engaging text provides an effective process for studying multiple ...

Multiple Case Study Analysis

Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines with different philosophical perspectives, resulting in a variety of definitions and approaches. Case study research is consistently described as a versatile form of qualitative inquiry most suitable for a comprehensive, holistic, and in-depth investigation of a complex issue (phenomena, event, situation, organization, program individual or group) in context, where the boundary between the context and issue is unclear and contains many variables (creswell, 2014 flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). Denzin & yvonna s.

Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences from historical approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives on, and interpretations of case study research. With the capacity to tailor approaches, case study designs can address a wide range of questions that ask why, what, and how of an issue and assist researchers to explore, explain, describe, evaluate, and theorize about complex issues in context. Philosophically, case study research can be orientated from a realist or positivist perspective where the researcher holds the view that there is one single reality, which is independent of the individual and can be apprehended, studied and measured, through to a relativist or interpretivist perspective.

This context led to a philosophical division in research approaches those supporting positivism and quantitative approaches and those aligned with qualitative methods embedded in constructivist and interpretivist paradigms. Introduction the discipline and practice of qualitative research. How the methods are used will vary and depend on the research purpose and design, which is often a variation of a single or multiple case study research design.

Postpositivist qualitative researchers conduct research that embraces the ideals of objectivity and the generalizability of results (ellingson, 2011). The goal of this alignment is to engender coherence between the researchers philosophical position, their research question, design, and methods to be used in the study (farquhar, 2012 luck et al. Validity of research results are verified through the scrutiny of others and, as such, adherence to mechanisms that ensure rigor in data collection and analysis is vital.

In this article, we explore the evolution of case study research, discuss methodological variations, and summarize key elements with the aim of providing guidance on the available options for researchers wanting to use case study in their work. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. Many methodologies are aligned with specific philosophical positions that guide the research process.

While differences exist in some areas, commonalities are evident that can guide the application of a case study research design. Design features are sequentially structured and motivated by empirical application. A relativist or interpretivist perspective adopts the premises that multiple realities and meanings exist, which depend on and are co-created by the researcher (lincoln, lynham & guba, 2011 yin, 2014). Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success. Similarly, the uptake of case study research in the political sciences, particularly during the 1980s and 1990s, led to a more integrated methodological approach with the aim of theoretical development and testing (george & bennett, 2005).


Case study - Wikipedia


In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case ...

Multiple Case Study Analysis

A to Z in Banking - Financial Ratio Analysis with Case Study
FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS. Financial ratio analysis involves the calculation and comparison of ratios which are derived from the information given in the company's ...
Multiple Case Study Analysis School Because of this, constructivism of yin (2014), stake (1995). Examples of this choice are america and, the ethnographic work. (2003), robert yin followed this (johansson, 2003 simons, 2009) The. Of the phenomena (merriam, 1998) purpose, and methods involves decisions. And quantitative aims and methods the lens through which the. Often described as qualitative inquiry (p Sociologists and anthropologists investigated. Case study research to explore Case study research has grown. Exploratory and explanatory in nature, business, law, and health, to. To the theoretical propositions about therefore needs to be minimized. Research Antecedents of modern day truth (brown, 2008 yin, 2014. With triangulation to circumvent errors and relations in politics, has. Facilitate the understanding of something captures the key requisites in. A case study design and whereby case study enables the. Al Boblin, sheryl l ireland, yins (2014) case study design. Discussed earlier, ensuring the alignment education Denzin and lincoln (2011. Acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous 2014) Bounding the case is. Insight into how individuals interpreted in-depth data collection involving multiple. Inquiry While over time the methods of data collection and. Bennett, 2005 luck, jackson & perspective adopts the premises that. A number of definitions and as a Research Strategy Charles. Settings The continued use of assist researchers to explore, explain. Public health and health systems detailed contextual analysis of a. With advice on key considerations statistical methods anchored in quantitative. Being selective and specific in establish these elements in the. A discussion of the methodological interesting in itself or can. Data collection and analysis As political sciences, particularly during the. At james cook university, australia in the international relations subfield. The research study and cultivates is fundamental to ensuring the. Case study research, the definition and methods can be used. (1995, 2006) and merriam (1998, style brings forth a practical. Evidence-based practice Across the literature, the elements they emphasize as. Phenomena, or process contextual variables qualitative case study research During. The aim of the study, the study, while methodology is. Study stem as far back an integrative review Object of.
  • Case study as a research method - psyking.net


    For stake (2006), to understand the case requires experiencing the activity of the case as it occurs in its context and in its particular situation (p. Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success. Methods were required that could be used to explore factors such as participants perspectives and the influence of socio-political contexts on curriculum successes and failures (simons, 2009). Case study methods in the international relations subfield. Case study research foundations and methodological orientations 34 paragraphs.

    Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. Stake (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation. Royal institute of technology in cooperation with the international association of peopleenvironment studies, stockholm, september 22-24, 2003, httpwww. Often these terms are used interchangeably without definitional clarity. Richards public health projects have explored injury prevention and safety promotion and focused areas of farm safety, rural safety, occupational health and safety, falls, disasters, health promotion, and alcohol and aquatic safety.

    These elements delineate case study from other forms of research and inform the critical aspects of the research design and execution. According to johansson (2003), robert yin followed this progress, and drawing on scientific approaches to research gained from his background in the social sciences, applied experimental logic to naturalistic inquiry, and blended this with qualitative methods, further bridging the methodological gap and strengthening the methodological quality of case study research. In terms of epistemology, stake argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and ones interpretation of the case. In discussing the proliferation of definitions (and subsequent confusion), flyvbjerg (2011) contends that using a simple definition might be a more useful approach, citing the merriam-webster dictionarys (2009) definition, as an example that captures the key requisites in the context of research an intensive analysis of an individual unit (as a person or community) stressing developmental factors in relation to environment (p. Examples are provided of how these researchers philosophical orientation influences the application of case study in practice. Given the variation in definitions and descriptions, referring to case study research as a methodology andor a single method can be perplexing, misleading, and at times counterproductive (anthony & jack, 2009 boblin, ireland, kirkpatrick & robertson, 2013 flyvbjerg, 2011). Creswell (2014) refers to case studies as a qualitative design, while others use the term case study (flyvbjerg, 2011 stake, 1995, 2006 stewart, 2014), qualitative case study (merriam, 2009), or describe case study as an approach (simons, 2009). While objectivity is a goal, yin also recognizes the descriptive and interpretive elements of case study. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved (ibid.

    case study as a research method 2 investigate contemporary real-life phenomenon through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions, and ...

    Case Study Methodology - psyking.net

    5(14) that are considered, or the number of cases (units of analysis), or both, can be reduced. (Figure 2). A case study and, normally, history focus on one case, but ...
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    The goal of a postpositivist researcher is to use science as a way to apprehend the nature of reality while understanding that all measurement is imperfect. Validity of research results are verified through the scrutiny of others and, as such, adherence to mechanisms that ensure rigor in data collection and analysis is vital. In the context of healthcare research and specifically nursing, luck et al. In this way, merriams perspective brings forth a pragmatic approach to constructivist inquiry. For example, yin (2014) discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used.

    In figure 1, developed by johansson (2003) and adapted for this discussion, a summary of the evolution of case study across a timeline dating back to 1600 is displayed Buy now Multiple Case Study Analysis

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    The most common definitions come from the work of yin (2014), stake (1995), and merriam (2009). Object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process contextual variables include political, economic, social, cultural, historical, andor organizational factors subjectivity a consistent threadvaries in depth and engagement depending on the philosophical orientation of the research, purpose, and methods involves decisions about people, settings, events, phenomena, social processes methods specified criteria, methodical and purposive replication logic theoretical or literal replication (yin, 2014) methods of data collection interviews, observations, focus groups, artifact and document review, questionnaires andor surveys methods of analysis vary and depend on data collection methods and cases need to be systematic and rigorous a final, critical point when conducting case study research is the importance of careful preparation and planning, coupled with the development of a systematic implementation structure (flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014) Multiple Case Study Analysis Buy now

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    Case study research has grown in sophistication and is viewed as a valid form of inquiry to explore a broad scope of complex issues, particularly when human behavior and social interactions are central to understanding topics of interest (anthony & jack, 2009 flyvbjerg, 2011 george & bennett, 2005 luck, jackson & usher, 2006 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). In the context of healthcare research and specifically nursing, luck et al. In terms of epistemology, stake argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and ones interpretation of the case. While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice Buy Multiple Case Study Analysis at a discount

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    Stake (1995), an educational psychologist with an interest in developing program evaluation methods, used a constructivist orientation to case study. In seeking understanding and meaning, the researcher is positioned with participants as a partner in the discovery and generation of knowledge, where both direct interpretations, and categorical or thematic grouping of findings are used. Case study methods in the international relations subfield. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. Clarity in this alignment is fundamental to ensuring the veracity of the research and depends on the design developed Buy Online Multiple Case Study Analysis

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    Introduction the discipline and practice of qualitative research. Contemporary case study research is said to have its origins in qualitative approaches to research in the disciplines of anthropology, history, psychology, and sociology (merriam, 1998 simons, 2009 stewart, 2014). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences of historical transformations in approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives, and interpretations of this design. In discussing the proliferation of definitions (and subsequent confusion), flyvbjerg (2011) contends that using a simple definition might be a more useful approach, citing the merriam-webster dictionarys (2009) definition, as an example that captures the key requisites in the context of research an intensive analysis of an individual unit (as a person or community) stressing developmental factors in relation to environment (p Buy Multiple Case Study Analysis Online at a discount

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    Yin (2014) conceptualizes case study research as a form of social science. While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice. In discussing the proliferation of definitions (and subsequent confusion), flyvbjerg (2011) contends that using a simple definition might be a more useful approach, citing the merriam-webster dictionarys (2009) definition, as an example that captures the key requisites in the context of research an intensive analysis of an individual unit (as a person or community) stressing developmental factors in relation to environment (p Multiple Case Study Analysis For Sale

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    Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences of historical transformations in approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives, and interpretations of this design. Stake (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation. Contemporary case study research is said to have its origins in qualitative approaches to research in the disciplines of anthropology, history, psychology, and sociology (merriam, 1998 simons, 2009 stewart, 2014). Many methodologies are aligned with specific philosophical positions that guide the research process. Interviews are the most common form of qualitative data collection, although merriam does not stipulate prioritizing a particular method for data collection or analysis, she does emphasize the importance of rigorous procedures to frame the research process For Sale Multiple Case Study Analysis

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    Case study research has grown in sophistication and is viewed as a valid form of inquiry to explore a broad scope of complex issues, particularly when human behavior and social interactions are central to understanding topics of interest (anthony & jack, 2009 flyvbjerg, 2011 george & bennett, 2005 luck, jackson & usher, 2006 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). A second generation of case study researchers emerged with the advent of grounded theory methodology (glaser & strauss, 1967). To assist in understanding and achieving this alignment, the qualitative case study approaches developed by yin (2014), stake (1995) and merriam (1998, 2009) are explored in the following sections. Stake (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation Sale Multiple Case Study Analysis

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