The 95 Thesis
95 Theses - Luther - ICLnet
This text was converted to ASCII text for Project Wittenberg by Allen Mulvey, and is in the public domain. You may freely distribute, copy or print this text.
The 95 Thesis
The imperfect health of soul, that is to say, the imperfect love, of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of christ, peace, peace, and there is no peace! Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of christ, cross, cross, and there is no cross! Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following christ, their head, through penalties, deaths, and hell and thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory.
The dying are freed by death from all penalties, are already dead as far as the canon laws are concerned, and have a right to be released from them. Peter if he were now pope, could not grant greater graces is blasphemy against st. Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at wittenberg, under the presidency of the reverend father martin luther, master of arts and of sacred theology, and lecturer in ordinary on the same at that place.
Men must be on their guard against those who say that the popes pardons are that inestimable gift of god by which man is reconciled to him for these graces of pardon concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. This fear or horror is sufficient in itself, to say nothing of other things, to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. Nor are they the merits of christ and the saints, for, even without the pope, the latter always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outer man.
Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the popes indulgences a man is freed from every penalty, and saved whereas he remits to souls in purgatory no penalty which, according to the canons, they would have had to pay in this life. It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty. We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned.
Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love. To wit -- why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reasons would be most just the latter is most trivial. Christians are to be taught that he who sees a man in need, and passes him by, and gives his money for pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of god.
Christians are to be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better deed than he who buys indulgences. Let him who speaks against the truth concerning papal indulgences be anathema and accursed. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to the canons themselves, nothing should be imposed on the dying. And thus be confident of entering into heaven through many tribulations rather than through the false security of peace (acts 1422). Who knows whether all souls in purgatory wish to be redeemed, since we have exceptions in st.
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at Wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place.
The 95 Thesis
Martin Luther 95 Theses - Uncommon Travel Germany
Here they are, all of the Martin Luther 95 theses, posted on the church door in Wittenberg, Germany, October 31, 1517. (Or read a summary of the 95 theses.)
The 95 Thesis
You may freely distribute, If remission of all penalties whatsoever could be granted to anyone at all, certainly it would be granted only to the most perfect, that is.
They are enemies of christ and of the pope, who bid the word of god be altogether silent in some churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others, If his right to grant remission in these cases were disregarded.
That power which the pope has in general over purgatory corresponds to the power which any bishop or curate has in a particular way in his own diocese and parish. Peter if he were now pope, could not grant greater graces is blasphemy against st.
Luther a rédigé ses 95 thèses comme support pour un débat, une dispute théologique, une pratique courante à l'époque. This unbridled preaching of indulgences makes it difficult even for learned men to rescue the reverence which is due the pope from slander or from the shrewd questions of the laity.
Martin Luther posts 95 theses - HISTORY
It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. Christians are to be taught that, unless they have more than they need, they must reserve enough for their family needs and by no means squander it on indulgences. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and truth. Peter if he were now pope, could not grant greater graces is blasphemy against st. That indulgences are not temporal treasures is certainly clear, for many indulgence sellers do not distribute them freely but only gather them.
Yet it does not mean solely inner repentance such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward mortification of the flesh. This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not pour out such treasures so easily, but only gather them. This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy.
Without want of consideration we say that the keys of the church, given by the merits of christ, are that treasure. This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i. Bishops and curates are bound to admit the commissaries of apostolic pardons, with all reverence. Christians are to be taught that it would be the popes wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of st. Those who believe that they can be certain of their salvation because they have indulgence letters will be eternally damned, together with their teachers. The treasures of the church, out of which the pope. Peter were burned to ashes than built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep. Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that st. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last (mt. In the name of our lord jesus christ, amen.In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins.
95 thèses — WikipédiaLuther a rédigé ses 95 thèses comme support pour un débat, une dispute théologique, une pratique courante à l'époque.Conçues pour être diffusées dans un cercle restreint de théologiens, leur succès aurait surpris Luther lui-même.
Referencing A Thesis
Papal indulgences must be preached with caution, lest people erroneously think that they are preferable to other good works of love. Therefore the treasures of the gospel are nets with which they formerly were wont to fish for men of riches. Ignorant and wicked are the doings of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and the need of true contrition. No one is sure of the integrity of his own contrition, much less of having received plenary remission.
But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the first to be last (mt Buy now The 95 Thesis
. To consider papal indulgences so great that they could absolve a man even if he had done the impossible and had violated the mother of god is madness. The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to the canons themselves, nothing should be imposed on the dying. The indulgences which the demagogues acclaim as the greatest graces are actually understood to be such only insofar as they promote gain.
You may freely distribute, copy or print this text. If his right to grant remission in these cases were disregarded, the guilt would certainly remain unforgiven The 95 Thesis Buy now
Every truly repentant christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. Injury is done to the word of god when, in the same sermon, an equal or larger amount of time is devoted to indulgences than to the word. To wit -- why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the souls that are there, if he redeems an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a church? The former reasons would be most just the latter is most trivial. Christians are to be taught that the pope would and should wish to give of his own money, even though he had to sell the basilica of st Buy The 95 Thesis at a discount
Hell, purgatory, and heaven seem to differ the same as despair, fear, and assurance of salvation. Christians are to be taught that the pope, in granting pardons, needs, and therefore desires, their devout prayer for him more than the money they bring. Christians are to be taught that it would be the popes wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of st. Peter if he were now pope, could not grant greater graces is blasphemy against st. Christians are to be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep back what is necessary for their own families, and by no means to squander it on pardons Buy Online The 95 Thesis
The true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and the grace of god. Those who believe that they can be certain of their salvation because they have indulgence letters will be eternally damned, together with their teachers. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are known to be truly such, in so far as they promote gain. The penalty of sin remains as long as the hatred of self (that is, true inner repentance), namely till our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. Peter were burned to ashes than built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep.
Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the reverend father martin luther, master of arts and sacred theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place Buy The 95 Thesis Online at a discount
Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? Again -- what is it that the pope remits, and what participation does he grant to those who, by perfect contrition, have a right to full remission and participation? Again -- what greater blessing could come to the church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does once, and bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? Since the pope, by his pardons, seeks the salvation of souls rather than money, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted heretofore, since these have equal efficacy? To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make christians unhappy The 95 Thesis For Sale
Again -- why are mortuary and anniversary masses for the dead continued, and why does he not return or permit the withdrawal of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for the redeemed? Again -- what is this new piety of god and the pope, that for money they allow a man who is impious and their enemy to buy out of purgatory the pious soul of a friend of god, and do not rather, because of that pious and beloved souls own need, free it for pure loves sake? Again -- why are the penitential canons long since in actual fact and through disuse abrogated and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in force? Again -- why does not the pope, whose wealth is to-day greater than the riches of the richest, build just this one church of st For Sale The 95 Thesis
Much more does he intend to thunder against those who use indulgences as a pretext to contrive harm to holy love and truth. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls in purgatory, not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the church is in the power of god alone. Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend that the buying of indulgences should in any way be compared with works of mercy. It is most difficult, even for the very keenest theologians, at one and the same time to commend to the people the abundance of pardons and the need of true contrition Sale The 95 Thesis
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